Isolateral training is a technique used in strength and conditioning training to train one side of the body at a time instead of trying to train both sides at the same time. For example, if you are used to doing traditional push-ups, a more isolateral based movement would be to perform a push-up with one arm. This is a great way to maximize strength on one side of the body.
So why do people do isolatorial movements? To begin with, when considering developing a very effective strength and conditioning program, one must include isolateral movements in one’s program in order to optimally develop symmetry and equal strength throughout the body. There are basically two benefits to performing this type of movement. The first is that you let the working side of the body lift the weight or resistance on its own without help or compensation from the other side. This allows for a greater increase in strength independently on each side of the body.
The second benefit includes a transfer of strength, or cross-transfer, from the working side of the body to the side that does not perform the lift at that particular time. This is why it is still beneficial to train the body, if possible, even during an injury. Your body can still benefit from exercise even if you do not exercise a certain body part. An example here would be that if a person broke his right arm and that arm is in a harness, then he can not perform any tasks. However, the left arm can. Doing something as common as arm curl with the left arm can cross the transfer of strength over to the injured right arm.
So now you know what isolateral training is and how it works. You start learning the secrets of strength and training!