Symptoms of OCD – What are the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental illness or psychological disorder in which the patient’s mind engages in compulsive and repetitive behavior. The patient tends to suffer from excessive anxiety, and repeated behavior or extensive ritual alleviates his anxiety.

The causes of OCD are unknown, but may be due to family history, genetic factors, hormonal changes, brain chemistry disorders, daily stress, traumatic events, depression, toxic relationships, stressors of financial, professional or social life, or even bullying. at work. The cause can be personal for everyone.

OCD behavior

People with OCD can exhibit different types of OCD behavior. They may include the following:

  1. Eating in excessive purity.
  2. Fear of contamination and visualization of pathogens everywhere.
  3. Arranging things according to a certain pattern, orientation or symmetry.
  4. Reorganizing things over and over again with the intention of not interrupting the cycle.
  5. Hoarding or compulsive shopping.
  6. Organizing things or maintaining any pattern of behavior to perfection.
  7. Compulsive belief in taboo thoughts.

OCD symptoms

OCD involves two types of emotions: Obsession a compulsion. In general, symptoms are also classified under these two emotions.

Obsessive symptoms include:

  • Repetitive and aggressive thoughts. It can be about yourself or others.
  • Keep things or plan in a certain order.
  • Fear of contamination and germs.
  • The mind is constantly busy with unnecessary thoughts.
  • Developing compulsive behavior for religion, sex, self-harm or others.

Compulsive symptoms include:

  • Compulsive counting of objects.
  • Excessive direction to cleanliness.
  • Organizing things or everyday work in a certain symmetrical order.
  • Urgent check of some activities, such as locked doors or not, whether the stove is switched off or not, etc.

Treatment programs

The OCD treatment program depends to a large extent on drugs and psychotherapy. Intensive treatment programs are also available for cases where medication and psychotherapy may prove inadequate. Psychotherapy alone is not enough to treat OCD and frequent relapses would occur.

The drugs aim to increase the levels of serotonin in the blood to reduce the symptoms of OCD. There are drugs such as paroxetine, fluoxetine, etc., which have worked well in OCD in the past, but these drugs must be prescribed by a doctor after a correct diagnosis.

Psychotherapy performed by physicians has been shown to be an effective level of treatment in the treatment of OCD. It is successful in breaking compulsive behavior by diverting the process of compulsive thinking. More often, psychotherapy is combined with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure and response prevention therapy (ERP) to work on an obsessive pattern of patient behavior.

Along with psychotherapy and meditation, self-management strategies such as exercise, yoga, meditation, relaxation techniques, and recreational activities can also help alleviate OCD behavior. Past studies have shown that recreational transcranial magnetic stimulation and neurosurgical methods have also been effective in suppressing OCD.

When to consider intensive treatment programs

For some patients, a treatment plan involving medication or psychotherapy or any other form of the above treatment may not work simply. These patients are classified as treatment-resistant OCD.

Intensive residential treatment programs are developed to combat treatment-resistant OCD. The basic feature of intensive residential treatment programs is that they are built to provide inpatient and outpatient facilities. Treatment includes individual self-assessment tools to determine the severity of OCD. Based on the severity of OCD, a treatment plan is determined and planned for patients. This may require admission of the patient for days, months, weeks, only weekends or years depending on the frequency of relapse, history and duration of the disease.

Patients with mild symptoms may opt for outpatient treatment. These centers provide facilities for a healthy life in a controlled environment to prevent relapse. They are well equipped with medical facilities and allow patients to stay under 24/7 supervision by doctors, support networks, paramedics, occupational therapists and psychologists. They provide a list of combination therapies, including psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), drugs, group therapy, family therapy, educational therapy, relaxation therapy, and recreational therapy.

Institutional treatment program: These treatment programs are targeted at patients with a tendency to self-harm who relapse. The hospitalization period helps to ensure the safety of such patients. While the patient is in the hospital, staff teach him to manage emotional pain, change behavioral patterns, teach them life skills, and guide them on the right path to combat OCD symptoms at the root level. They are under 24/7 medical supervision and are treated for OCD with a combination of several therapies.

Residential treatment program: This type of treatment program is suitable for those patients who do not pose a danger to themselves or others, but do not respond well to typical compulsive treatment and need further assistance. For such patients, accommodation plans are usually made in a home environment where the person stays for a period of time and is cared for at all times. The program usually lasts about 60 days, but varies from person to person.

An overwhelming mental disorder, OCD has broken more lives than we can afford. People who struggle with this compulsive disorder are ridiculed for their obsessive and compulsive behavior. It affected families and forced patients to slip into depressive episodes.

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