What are your toenails made of?

Toenails are hard, but they are still prone to breakage, infection and the consequences of malnutrition. Your toenails and toenails are made from the same protein as your hair. Keratin, the protein that forms the tip of your toes, is not alive and was present before you were born.

The fingertips, along with the fingertips, protect the fingertips and toes, helping to grip and scratch by redistributing pressure from the fingertips and fingertips. The toenail consists of several parts. These include:


The nail matrix, also called the onychostroma or keratogenic membrane, is the part that is protected. It is part of the nail bed, which contains nerves, lymph nodes and blood vessels. The matrix produces cells for the nail plate. The production of nail bed cells will continue as long as nutrients are available and healthy. As new bed cells form, the old cells move forward and press against the nail.


The lunula or “small moon” is a white crescent-shaped part at the bottom of the nail.

Nail bed

There is a nail bed under the nail plate. The nail bed consists of two types of tissue: the deeper dermis and the epidermis. These two layers are connected to each other by the ridge of the matrix. As one ages, these groves become more pronounced as the plate thins.

Sinus nails

The root of the nail is located in the nail sinus. The sinus is located in the lower part of the nail, under the skin. It comes from living matrix cells.

Nail board

The nail plate is a hard part made up of dead, compacted keratin protein cells. Keratin makes the nail plate strong and flexible. The board is often what is referred to when the word “nail” is used.

Free margin

The free edge is the tip of the front of the nail plate. It is the part that gives it its cutting surface. Hyponychium is an area of ‚Äč‚Äčepithelium that is located at the interface of the free edge and the skin of the tip of the toe. This part of the skin protects the nail bed by creating a seal. Hyponychium is more noticeable in lighter-skinned people.

Eponychium and cuticle

The eponychium and the cuticle form a protective seal for the nail. The cuticle is a bright semicircle on top. The cuticle is made up of inanimate dead skin cells that spill out and cover the back of the plate. The eponychium is a small band of living cells located near the cuticle that folds back on itself as the epidermal layer of the skin peels off and a new layer of the plate forms.

Nail wall

The nail wall contains a portion that covers the side and end of the nail. Paronychium is the edge of the soft tissue around the nail. This soft tissue can become infected.

Each nail has many different layers that are made of different materials and serve different purposes. It is important to take care of your toes, as painful infections and ugly, brittle nails such as overgrown toenails can occur.

If you have any pain or discomfort with one of your toes, or if you experience any other type of foot pain, it is recommended that you schedule an appointment with your pedicurist.

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