What is ATP testing? This is a question that goes through the minds of those who explore the world of biochemistry. Simply put, ATP testing, as the name implies, involves testing ATP. ATP is a particle found in every living cell and is responsible for providing the energy for various physiological processes. ATP is found around both the nucleoplasm and the cytoplasm in each cell.
An ATP test is performed to measure the level of biological concentration and health in different media. The test is used in various situations such as testing drinking water, measuring the sanitation level in various equipment and surfaces, handling biological treatment plants and testing different soils to name just a few.
ATP testing is done with a luminometer, which contains an enzyme catalyst luciferase. The enzyme reacts with ATP to produce light. The light level produced shows the amount of organisms in a sample, with more light produced when the level of organism concentration is high. This is what happens in fireflies, where the enzyme catalyst luciferase which is found naturally in the fireflies’ bodies produces energy in the form of light, hence the light produced by the fireflies.
ATP testing is important for several reasons. Some of these reasons include:
- It is one of the most accurate tests because it detects both anaerobic and aerobic bacteria without being affected by medium compositions and conditions.
- The ATP test is also fast, and the results are known immediately.
- The test can be done anywhere without the need for a laboratory, microscope or technician for that matter. The luminometer is a portable user-friendly device, and the reagent enzyme is built-in, which means that all a user needs to do is put the luminometer in the sample to be tested and wait for the device to show the results in the form of light.
The importance of the ATP test in various aspects of life can not be overestimated, especially in the health and natural resource management sector. The food and beverage industries and hospitals carry out this test as often as possible to ensure that the goods and services they provide people are up to standard. Wastewater companies and water control services also carry out the test to ensure that the water used for humans and animals is not only safe, but also handled in the best possible way.